File:PVE-4687, Last Updated: 5-Nov-10, By: CBM
Pressure Vessel Engineering was contacted to help re-certify a series of 17′ Diameter 56′ tall digesters for Tembec Inc. which are currently in use for the pulp and paper industry. These digesters are filled with wood chips and mixed with acid in order to convert the wood chips to paper pulp.
This digester has been in use since 1926. Vessels built in that time period were typically constructed with riveted butt joints.
The next step was to analyze a small segment encompassing the bottom shell and cone and modeling in the actual butt straps with rivets. Rivets are installed in a hot state, so as they cool, they contract and generate a preload force that compresses the butt straps and the shell together. As the rivets cool, they plastically deform with preload stresses relaxing back to the yield point. Bolt connectors with the corresponding preload equal to the yield stress have been used to simulate the rivets.
Our FEA was successfully used to prove the integrity of the digesters in their current state to the local jurisdiction and the insurance company. Even though riveted boilers and pressure vessels have not been manufactured for many years, there are a number of them that are still in operation today. Although built to ASME code, many of these boilers were constructed at a time when no CRN requirement was in place. As inspectors come across these vessels, we expect to see more of this type of inspection and certification requirement.
We at Pressure Vessel Engineering Ltd are very grateful to Tembec for allowing us to post this analysis. Tembec has been acquired by Rayonier Advanced Materials and can be contacted through their website at www.rayonieram.com.